Somaliland

The former British Somaliland Protectorate achieved full independence from the United Kingdom in June 1960. However it voluntarily joined Somalia to form the Somali Republic. Somaliland restored its independence in 1991 after the collapse of Somalia as a result of the civil war. Since then it has established and sustained peace and stability. It remains a self-declared sovereign state with a democratic elected government. After more than 20 years of peace and democracy it is still seeking for international recognition. Therefore Somaliland offers an authentic and one-of-a-kind experience in a breakaway state which isn’t officially recognized.


Land
Somaliland is a sovereign state in the Horn of Africa sharing its borders with Republic of Djibouti, Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Somalia to the east. It has an area of 137.600 square kilometers.

Country code
+252
Climate The country’s climate is a mixture of wet and dry conditions. The average temperature is between 25 and 30 Degrees Celsius.
People Somaliland has a population of around 3.5 million people. The population consists of various principal groups of clans or clan families.
Language The main official language is Somali. Arabic is also an official language but much less spoken. English is widely spoken in many areas because it is a former British protectorate.

Capital
Hargeisa
Economy The country has a small economy, agriculture being the back bone especially livestock, the production of cereals and horticulture. It also has a hugely diverse quantity of mineral deposits across the country.
Currency The main currency used is the Somaliland shilling (SlSh) which is regulated by the Bank of Somaliland. There are a few ATM machines in the country. However it is very easy and fast to send money through the many remittance/money transfer companies. Exchanging your money can in every corner of street. The US Dollar is widely accepted for purchasing goods.
Time Somaliland is in the GMT +3 hour zone.
Status Unrecognized
Religion Almost 100 % Islamic
Electric voltage 220V/50Hz (European plug)
Public Holidays 1 May Labor Day
18-19 May Restoration of Somaliland Sovereignty
26 June Independence Day